In the beginning of the XVI century, when the first Spanish exploiters crossed the Atlantic Ocean and entered the American Southern Cone following the river Prata, proceeding the Paraguay river and ending in the bays of the rivers Paraná and Uruguay, they were surprised to find fertile lands of incredible abundance and agricultural production on the margins of the rivers.

These lands had been cultivated for thousands of years by a warrior indigenous people that called itself Avá (meaning Man).

In the next centuries of contact, uncountable denominations were given by their enemies until finally this people has recognized as the Guarani People, A Great People.

After long walks, started in the Amazon area, the Guarani people settled down in different parts of the South Cone of America, especially in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.

According to archaeological research, this migration had begun many centuries before the creation of National States, about one and two centuries after Christ's birth.

Historians calculate that, at the beginning of the European invasion of the Continent, in 1492, the Guarani population was around one and a half million to two million people.

Along the last 500 years, the Guarani people have created and recreated their resistance strategies, sometimes facing military forces, like the imperial armies of Spain and Portugal, sometimes finding allies in the involving society, and sometimes simply being dispersed.

Against all these forms of dominance (educational, military, economical and religious), the Guarani were able to maintain their spirit free by using as a shield of protection the uninterrupted process of transmitting their language and culture from generation to generation and having as their principal arm the philosophy of the Search for the Land Without Evils.

“This free land, independent and sovereign, has to be based on the fundamental indigenous beginnings. Beginnings that overcome the personal interests and transcend and embrace the social, economic, cultural and political spheres.

These beginnings are the fundamental essence of being Guarani, as the incessant search of the Land Without Evils and of Freedom. But, who answers me? ... Nor God answers me when I will be free...!!!

Our essence is of being without owner "... our God is the Nature and not the Law...". Beginnings that impregnate being social, like Mboroaiu, Mborerekua, Yoparareko, this love, esteem, affection, solidarity, expressed in feelings for the person close by, that allows to overcome and to come off of being mean and individualist.”

Wilson Changaray
President of the Assembly of the Guarani people of Bolivia, to President Evo Morales, first indigenous leader to occupy the highest position in his country, March 2006.